4-H positive youth development in agriculture program connects and impacts communities in Senegal

When it was time to take nominations for officers of the 4-H Positive Youth Development in Agriculture program in the Senegalese village of Toubacouta, one young woman stood out.

As Aida Nathalie Dieng’s hand shot up almost unconsciously to volunteer for the position of president, she spoke in a determined way about why she wanted to serve as the leader of the club in her village, and toward the end of her speech tears began to run down her cheeks.

“Having the opportunity to be heard is empowering, and even moving,” said Kathleen Jamison, professor emerita and Virginia Cooperative Extension specialist in 4-H  youth development.


Senior Virginia Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth Development Agent Ruth Wallace (left) stands with a group of children and adults in Senegal. In March of this year Extension and the 4-H Positive Youth Development in Agriculture Program traveled to the West African nation to scale up programming in the region.

Jamison and her team recently took the mission of Virginia Cooperative Extension’s 4-H Positive Youth Development in Agriculture program to the West African nation with the goal of building ties between children, families, and communities to give individuals the ability to live sustainable and meaningful lives that exemplify 4-H mission goals.

The team completed a series of training workshops in March of this year designed to scale up the programs’ outreach efforts in Toubacouta and throughout the country based on 4-H methodologies.

“4-H provides opportunities for younger members of the community to express themselves and  be heard,” said Jamison. “This is important since young people continue to be an effective way to spread knowledge about new technologies and approaches to problem solving in their own communities.”

Toubacouta, located south of the capital Dakar, is one of three locations where 4-H Youth Development in Agriculture is being established throughout the country. Other locations include St. Louis to the north, and Ziguinchor, a territory which borders Guinea-Bissau.

In Zinguinchor, the teachers were on strike but students who were hungry to learn came anyway.

“Memories of their faces alive with excitement will always be with us,” said Reggie Morris, a 4-H Youth Development Extension agent.

Morris, a unit coordinator and agent based in Alexandria, and Senior Extension Agent Ruth Wallace, based in Buckingham County, helped execute training and programming in Senegal.

“4-H provides consistency regardless of where we do the programming, but we tailor program needs to specific communities,” said Jamison.

For instance children and community members wanted to learn about chickens in one village, while another site wanted to focus on gardening

Officially launched in March 2015, the Positive Youth Development program is designed to motivate “young people to understand agriculture, to become agriculturalists, and to be
involved in family farms and their communities,” said Ozzie Abaye, a professor of crop and soil environmental sciences in the Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

The Education in Research and Agriculture-Senegal program, which is led by Virginia Tech’s Office of International Research, Education, and Development, planted the seeds for the scaling up of 4-H. ERA is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development as part of the Feed the Future initiative.

The program initially got Abaye involved in the region and laying the groundwork for a 4-H presence in Senegal.

“During livestock forage activities parents would accompany their children in the field,” said Abaye. “Our workshops even several years ago were utilizing the tenets of 4-H to strengthen communities here by promoting activities that whole families could perform together. The entire community would turn out. Everyone was very happy that the kids were involved in doing something meaningful.”

Assistant Professor of Agricultural, Leadership, and Community Education Tom Archibald serves as chief of party on the project on the ground in Senegal and is a former 4-H educator himself. Archibald believes the close alignment of mission goals of 4-H philosophies and the ERA program is one reason the program has been so successful.

“In a nutshell, ERA is trying to bring elements of the land-grant model and the Extension model to communities in Senegal,” Archibald said.

Some of those elements include fostering ownership of a project, something Archibald witnessed in the youth who tend the garden that was established as a service-learning project by a Virginia Tech undergraduate.

“The kids set up their own schedule for watering and caring for the garden. It’s a ways out of town, so they have to ride their bikes to get there. The attention to the garden demonstrates youth leadership and taking responsibility,” he said.

Further, this year the president of Senegal, Macky Sall, decreed 2016 to be the year of youth employment and youth entrepreneurship, making the 4-H positive youth development programming an ideal spring board for connecting youth in the region with positive ways to become more involved in their communities.

And currently the enthusiasm in the communities for the programming is overwhelming.

Jamison’s often repeated expression of “Let’s do it!”— an emphatic call to action that punctuated training sessions —  was appropriated by the group’s Senegalese hosts. And though Jamison did not speak French, her hosts gladly translated her expression as “Faisons le!” complete with an exclamation point.


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