For soybean that is at or near the beginning pod (R3) stage, it is time to consider whether or not a fungicide application is needed to control foliar diseases and protect yield. The Virginia soybean fungicide advisory indicates that disease risk is variable across the state. Fields with moderate risk should be scouted since foliar diseases will not be an issue in every field every year. Keep in mind that other risk factors also contribute to disease severity and yield loss to fungal diseases. High risk fields include those where susceptible soybean varieties are planted, there is a recent history of soybean foliar diseases, and/or rotations out of soybean are short or soybean is planted continuously over several years. If based on the soybean fungicide advisory or other factors you decide to apply a fungicide, applications are generally the most effective when applied between R3 and R4 stages (no later than R5). The most recent Soybean Fungicide Efficacy Table can be downloaded from the Crop Protection Network website. Instructions on how to use the Virginia soybean fungicide advisory can be found in the July 19 blog post. A summary of disease risk and spray recommendations for different locations in Virginia can be found below.
|Region of Virginia||Location of weather station||Soybean disease risk||Recommendation|
|Southeastern||Suffolk||Low to moderate||Don’t spray|
|Northern Neck||Warsaw||Moderate to high||Scout|
|Central||Blackstone ||Low||Don’t spray|
|Northern||Middleburg||Moderate to high||Scout|
|Northern||Shenandoah||Moderate to high||Scout|
|Northern||Winchester||Low to moderate||Don’t spray|
For detailed daily advisories, select the location closest to your field and download the corresponding file here:
If you have any questions, feel free to contact Dr. Hillary Mehl (email@example.com).
The date of the “VA Peanut Tour” at 1045 Hare Road, Suffolk, VA, is July 30, 2019.
There is increased risk of Fusarium head blight (FHB) in some parts of Virginia, especially near the Northern Neck and Eastern Shore of Virginia. Wheat in much of the state is flowering, and if a field is in a high risk area a fungicide application is recommended. Recommended fungicides for control of FHB and DON contamination include Caramba, Prosaro, Proline, and Miravis Ace. Do not apply a strobilurin-containing fungicide after the flag leaf stage since this has the potential to increase DON concentrations in the grain. To maximize their effectiveness, fungicides for FHB and DON control should be applied at early flowering or up to one week later. Fungicides that control FHB and DON will also control foliar diseases including powdery mildew, leaf rust, stripe rust, and leaf blotch.
Wheat varieties vary in susceptibility to FHB and DON, and this should be considered when making decisions of whether or not to apply a fungicide at flowering for FHB control. The FHB Risk Tool (http://www.wheatscab.psu.edu/) allows you to select the susceptibility of your wheat variety to determine risk. You can find information on FHB susceptibility of your wheat variety from your seed dealer or in the Virginia Cooperative Extension Small Grains publication. The FHB Risk algorithm adjusts the relative risk based on the variety susceptibility as illustrated below. For assistance with small grains disease identification or for additional management recommendations contact Dr. Hillary Mehl, Extension Plant Pathologist (firstname.lastname@example.org).
FHB risk for susceptible (S) wheat, May 1, 2019.
FHB risk for moderately resistant (MR) wheat, May 1, 2019.
June 19th, 2018
8:30 to 11:30am
Southern Piedmont AREC
Field entrance near:
1200 Darvills Road
Blackstone, VA 23824
Google Maps link to field entrance: https://goo.gl/maps/iKZmYnjx7wM2
More information in the flyer: 2018 Weed Management Field Day Flyer
Three-day forecast for Fusarium head blight (FHB) risk on susceptible wheat varieties.
FHB risk is increasing in Virginia and will continue to increase over the next several days. Risk is highest on the Eastern Shore, but susceptible varieties such as Shirley that are flowering over the next week will be at moderate to high risk in many portions of the state. Growers should monitor the FHB risk tool (www.wheatscab.psu.edu) as their wheat crop begins to flower. Consider applying a fungicide if risk is moderate to high, especially on susceptible or moderately susceptible varieties. Wheat that has completed flowering is no longer at risk. Fungicides should be applied at early flowering or up to one week later. Do not apply a strobilurin-containing fungicide since this can increase DON contamination. Recommended fungicides include Prosaro, Caramba, and Proline.
Steve Rideout, Extension Plant Pathologist at the Eastern Shore AREC, confirmed stripe rust on research plots of Shirley on Monday. FHB risk continues to be high on the Eastern Shore, so growers in this part of the state with varieties that are susceptible to stripe rust should consider an application of Prosaro, Caramba, or Proline since these will control both FHB and rust.
Stripe rust on wheat.
For assistance with disease identification or management recommendations, contact Dr. Hillary L. Mehl, Extension Plant Pathologist (email@example.com).
This advisory is posted on behalf of Dr. David Langston. Both downy mildew and anthracnose of watermelons have been identified in the area recently. Please see the attached pdf for more details: Downy and anthracnose
The following advisory is posted on behalf of Dr. Steve Rideout:
Late blight was found on potato in Camden and Pasquotank counties in North Carolina over the weekend. We will be processing the samples to determine more information on race/fungicide sensitivity. In the meantime, growers are encouraged to scout their tomato and potato fields for the disease. Preventative fungicide applications are recommended, particularly near the outbreak area in NC.
If you have questions please let us know. You can access current recommended materials for late blight in the commercial and homeowner vegetable production guides. Also, you can visit the following web page for more information on this disease:
This is a serious threat to potato and tomato production in the Commonwealth. Please let us know if we can help.
Following last week’s rain, the risk for Fusarium head blight (FHB or scab) infections has increased, and the risk is very high even for moderately resistant varieties in certain portions of the state (see FHB Risk Map). Much of the wheat crop is beyond the early flowering stage, but for fields where wheat is currently flowering a fungicide may be needed to protect the crop from FHB infection and DON contamination. Recommended fungicides include Caramba, Prosaro, and Proline. Fungicides are most effective when applied at the start of flowering and up to a week later. The greatest coverage of the heads can be achieved by applying fungicides in 5 gal/A by air and 15 gal/A by ground with a 300-350 um droplet size and nozzles angled forward at least 30 degrees.
FHB risk on May 2, 2017 for moderately resistant wheat varieties. Susceptible wheat varieties that are currently flowering are at high risk for FHB infection throughout Virginia.
On Friday, stripe rust was confirmed on a wheat sample from a field in Northampton County, Virginia. Steve Rideout, Extension Plant Pathologist at the Eastern Shore AREC, reported that infection is fairly severe and rainy conditions will favor the pathogen’s development. This is an early sighting for this disease and constitutes a serious threat to our wheat crop. The disease was found on Shirley, which based on observations in previous years in known to be highly susceptible to stripe rut. A previous post with management recommendations including variety susceptibility ratings and a fungicide efficacy table for stripe rust and other wheat diseases can be found here:
You should be scouting your wheat crop at this time, and if stripe rust is found on a susceptible variety, a fungicide application is recommended. If you have any questions or need assistance identifying diseases on your wheat crop, contact Dr. Hillary Mehl at the Tidewater AREC (firstname.lastname@example.org).
We hope that you will be able to attend the meeting, “Soil Management/Soil Fertility Seminars for Row Crops” on March 16, 2017, from 9:00 AM – 12:00 PM at the Virginia Tech Tidewater AREC, 6321 Holland Rd, Suffolk, VA 23437. Here is the agenda:
9:00 AM – Introduction and Opening Comments, Dr. Hunter Frame
9:00 AM – 9:45 AM – Benefits of Conservation Tillage Systems/Introducing Cover Crops, Dr. Mark Reiter
9:45 AM – 10:30 AM – Nitrogen and Sulfur Management in Cotton Production, Dr. Hunter Frame
10:30 AM – 10:35 AM – Break
10:35 AM – 11:05AM – Nitrogen Management in Corn and Winter Wheat Production, Dr. Mark Reiter
11:05 AM – 11:35 AM – Potassium Fertilization Requirement for Full Season and Double-Crop Soybeans, Dr. David Holshouser
11:35 AM – 12:00 PM – Potassium Nutrition of Cotton in Virginia: A look at Timing, Rate, and Source, Dr. Hunter Frame